Fencing can be confusing for people who are new to the sport. Hopefully this page will clear up some of your queries, but if you still have any questions, feel free to e-mail us at adelaidehillsfencingclub@gmail.com

For parents, there is a good guide here:
Be aware that this guide is written for an American audience, thus certain information bears no relevance to Australian fencing. Disregard all of chapter 3, 'Ratings, Points, Age-Brackets & Divisions' especially.


Fencing is one of the safest sport in the world. Injuries from Fencing are often caused by pulled or strained muscles from people not warming up correctly. All the weapons are made from a metal alloy which allows them to be flexible and strong at the same time. The Fencing gear made out of tough cotton, nylon and more recently Dyneema, which make fencing gear very hard to puncture. However, small bruises can occur from time to time.


In the sport of fencing there are three weapons which are used. These are the Foil, the Epée and the Sabre.

Foil, also know as a Fleuret, is one of the two conventional weapons in the sport of Fencing, with the other being Sabre. This is because Foil and Sabre both use the ‘Right of Way’ system to determine who gets the point. In Foil, points are scored by hitting the opponent with the tip of the weapon on the chest.

As a French word, Épée simply means ‘sword’. Épée doesn’t use the ‘Right of Way’ system which can make it interesting to watch. Like in Foil, Épée hits are scored by using the tip of the weapon but unlike Foil in which target is restricted to the chest, while Fencing Épée the target is the whole body.

Unlike Foil and Épée, Sabre hits are scored by using the side of the blade in a cutting like motion from the waist up. Sabre also uses the ‘Right of Way’ system similar to Foil. The combination of these features make Sabre a fast paced spectacle to watch. 


Because of the nature of Fencing, lots of protective gear is required before you can start Fencing someone.

Plastic Chest Plate: This piece is mandatory for females as it provides extra protection for the upper chest. Male fencers can also wear one if they need to.
Plastron: This piece of gear goes under the dominate arm for extra protection.
Jacket: This piece of gear covers the whole upper body. 
Glove: The glove is needed to protect the dominate hand. 
Mask: This is what protects the face from the opponents weapon. The mask consists a wire mesh and bib to protect the face and neck area.
Wire: This goes between the plastron and the jacket. This is what connects the weapon to the scoring system.
Lame: Lames are only used in Foil and Sabre to register the hits and send a signal back to the scoring box.

This gear is all you need to start fencing with the addition of track suit pants. The club will provide the gear (with no extra charge) until you want to start taking it more seriously. If you decide to take it more seriously, the gear below is also recommended for purchase.

Breeches: These protect the top half of the legs and are made from the same material as the jacket.
Socks: These socks are similar to football socks as they come up to the knees.
Shoes: Court type shoes are recommended for Fencing as shoes with high soles often result in ankles being rolled. Fencing shoes are also available for purchase which are specifically designed for Fencing.

All gear can be purchased from the websites available on the Equipment page.